Jump to content


Rugby League World Issue 400 - Out Now!

RUGBY LEAGUE WORLD MAGAZINE - ISSUE 400 - OUT NOW!
84 pages, 38 years of history from Open Rugby to the present day.
Click here for the digital edition to read online via smartphone, tablet and desktop devices including iPhone, iPad, Android & Kindle HD.
Click here to order a copy for delivery by post. Annual subscriptions also available worldwide.
Find out what's inside Issue 400
/ View a Gallery of all 400 covers / WH Smith Branches stocking Issue 400
Read Jamie Jones-Buchanan's Top 5 RLW Interviews including Marwan Koukash, Lee Briers, Gareth Thomas, Steve Ganson & Matt King OBE


League Express

Podcast

Photo
- - - - -

We need a scientist


  • Please log in to reply
24 replies to this topic

#1 gingerjon

gingerjon
  • Coach
  • 28,881 posts

Posted 19 October 2012 - 09:14 AM

Is this the future?

Or just a load of balls.
Cheer up, RL is actually rather good
- Severus, July 2012

#2 JohnM

JohnM
  • Coach
  • 19,696 posts

Posted 19 October 2012 - 09:25 AM

We desperately need a psychiatrist to help section the people who have written the comments underneath the article.

#3 RidingPie

RidingPie
  • Coach
  • 1,202 posts

Posted 19 October 2012 - 09:38 AM

As a science fanatic, not a scientist, the problem that spring out for me is that electrolysis is not a cheap to do. You need a substantial amount of electricity. Now if you were to wire this up to a 'good' nuclear reactor, say you got permission to build a MSR thorium reactor or something like that, then the principles all work. Its just getting the electricity you need for that bit.

Also I'd be interested to know what goes in to, and comes out of every stage of the process, particularly the 'gasoline fuel reactor'.

It also doesn't mention the process used for getting the carbon dioxide out of the atmosphere. Now it might be possible to make this easier/cheaper were you to put scrubbers on power stations like Drax and take the CO2 out of its exhaust but I'd guess that's a down the road thought. But whatever process used would I imagine take quite a bit of energy.

#4 JohnM

JohnM
  • Coach
  • 19,696 posts

Posted 19 October 2012 - 09:51 AM

yes, it does depend on the cost of electricity. It may be that this is where wind power comes in. It MIGHT be possible to use wind turbines to power a small plant locally, rather than though the grid, as intermittent operation of the plant from an intermittent power source might be ok.

I have long thought that small local wind turbine powered electrolysis plants might be a viable way of producing hydrogen for use in hydrogen powered cars in effect, you have a wind turbine at the local filling station, with an electrolysis plant and hydrogen tank. No need for huge plants, huge tankers etc.

On a visit to Sunderland Uni some years ago, they had a Nissan Almeria powered by hydrogen fuelling its standard IC engine.

#5 RidingPie

RidingPie
  • Coach
  • 1,202 posts

Posted 19 October 2012 - 09:54 AM

I was reading something in a journal not long back John that suggested that wind power was not as intermittent as its detractors indicate, which would definitely support that view.

I'll have a dig round and see if I can find where I saw it.

#6 Steve May

Steve May
  • Coach
  • 10,111 posts

Posted 19 October 2012 - 11:10 AM

Is this the future?

Or just a load of balls.



Depends where you get the energy to do it from.

That's me.  I'm done.


#7 JohnM

JohnM
  • Coach
  • 19,696 posts

Posted 19 October 2012 - 11:19 AM

He's young..he has lots of energy.

#8 Steve May

Steve May
  • Coach
  • 10,111 posts

Posted 19 October 2012 - 11:25 AM

I have long thought that small local wind turbine powered electrolysis plants might be a viable way of producing hydrogen for use in hydrogen powered cars in effect, you have a wind turbine at the local filling station, with an electrolysis plant and hydrogen tank. No need for huge plants, huge tankers etc.


Let's think it through. The kind of turbines currently being installed in the UK countryside (ie big ones) have a power output of about 2MW. If you lose half of that in translation to the car (a generous estimate), you're left with 1MW. A car is on for perhaps 100kW = 0.1MW, based on my humble Clio.

So that turbine can power ten cars. It's not always windy, but then again the cars aren't running all the time, so let's say each wind powered service station can deal with 20 cars. Hell, let's be generous and call it 50.

Right now, there are 9,000 petrol stations in the UK and 31 million cars. Each petrol station is therefore providing power to 3,500 cars on average. A lot more than 50.

Unless my maths is way off, it's not going to work.

That's me.  I'm done.


#9 Steve May

Steve May
  • Coach
  • 10,111 posts

Posted 19 October 2012 - 11:39 AM

There are two related, but distinct, problems here. The first is the need to reduce, or preferably remove, CO2 emissions as a result of energy use. The second, is the need to continue to supply increasing amounts of power.

There are only really two solutions that address both.

The first is massive use of solar power on a genuinely global scale. Large parts of the Sahara and other deserts, and large areas of the Pacific Ocean need covering in vast solar panels.

The second is nuclear fusion power stations. We'll get them to work one day, but when?



Unless one of those two comes through in the next 50 years, we're ######ed. It's as simple as that. You have to get the energy from somewhere. Everything else is shuffling deckchairs at worst, buying us time at best.

That's me.  I'm done.


#10 RidingPie

RidingPie
  • Coach
  • 1,202 posts

Posted 19 October 2012 - 12:12 PM

Steve,

what do you think of other types of fission, particularly here I mean thorium MSR? Certainly an option 3 and since we had one running in the 1950's wouldn't take us too long to get them up and running.

#11 JohnM

JohnM
  • Coach
  • 19,696 posts

Posted 19 October 2012 - 12:18 PM

Let's think it through. The kind of turbines currently being installed in the UK countryside (ie big ones) have a power output of about 2MW. If you lose half of that in translation to the car (a generous estimate), you're left with 1MW. A car is on for perhaps 100kW = 0.1MW, based on my humble Clio.

So that turbine can power ten cars. It's not always windy, but then again the cars aren't running all the time, so let's say each wind powered service station can deal with 20 cars. Hell, let's be generous and call it 50.

Right now, there are 9,000 petrol stations in the UK and 31 million cars. Each petrol station is therefore providing power to 3,500 cars on average. A lot more than 50.

Unless my maths is way off, it's not going to work.


as an initial look, then yes but there could be more to it than that. (as an aside, I wonder - but don't have the time to find out - if there is any detailed research going on into that sort of possibility)

for an example,a 10kw home wind turbine costs around £20K to install. Say it is generating 25% of the time ( its windy round here) i still only use my car 5% of the time. Then how to decouple energy production from use, store and recover the intermittently produced energy? As say Hydrogen through electrolysis or synthesising "petrol" from captured CO2 For sure the plant to do either will not be cheap.


Sure, New Clear energy has in my view to be the general way forward.

One thing is for sure, energy - gas, elec, hydrocarbon, is not going to reduce in price and indeed price will in the end dictate how much we use.

In any case we will have to reduce energy generation if we are to stop cooking the planet.

#12 Steve May

Steve May
  • Coach
  • 10,111 posts

Posted 19 October 2012 - 02:17 PM

for an example,a 10kw home wind turbine costs around £20K to install. Say it is generating 25% of the time ( its windy round here) i still only use my car 5% of the time.


Assuming you have a small car rated at 100kW that you use 5% of the time, that's an average power output of 5kW. A 10kW turbine running 25% of the time only gets you half way there, even if you make the obviously false assumption that you lose nothing in the transmission.

That's me.  I'm done.


#13 JohnM

JohnM
  • Coach
  • 19,696 posts

Posted 19 October 2012 - 02:27 PM

what if I blow on the turbine when its not windy? :rolleyes:

the sums will change, though as the years go by, as pump prices continue to increase, tax and all. and in any case, I don't drive falt out all the time, either. Are you aware of any ( indpendent) research into the whole topic?

#14 Steve May

Steve May
  • Coach
  • 10,111 posts

Posted 19 October 2012 - 02:54 PM

what if I blow on the turbine when its not windy? :rolleyes:

the sums will change, though as the years go by, as pump prices continue to increase, tax and all. and in any case, I don't drive falt out all the time, either. Are you aware of any ( indpendent) research into the whole topic?


The sums won't change John. It's not really about the price at the pump, it's about whether a wind turbine can ever realistically produce enough power to drive a car at all. It's physics, not economics.

I'm not aware of any research into this topic, but I think my back of the fag packet analysis is a good enough answer to satisfy me. If you find anything, let me know. I can't see a way to drive cars with windmills.

The general area of energy provision in the future is deeply scary. Most people haven't a clue about it. Right now, we need an effort on the scale of the Apollo moonshot or the Manhattan Project to solve it and we have nothing like that even being talked about.

That's me.  I'm done.


#15 JohnM

JohnM
  • Coach
  • 19,696 posts

Posted 19 October 2012 - 03:32 PM

I can't see a way to drive cars with windmills.Posted Image

#16 gingerjon

gingerjon
  • Coach
  • 28,881 posts

Posted 19 October 2012 - 03:34 PM

The sums won't change John. It's not really about the price at the pump, it's about whether a wind turbine can ever realistically produce enough power to drive a car at all. It's physics, not economics.

I'm not aware of any research into this topic, but I think my back of the fag packet analysis is a good enough answer to satisfy me. If you find anything, let me know. I can't see a way to drive cars with windmills.

The general area of energy provision in the future is deeply scary. Most people haven't a clue about it. Right now, we need an effort on the scale of the Apollo moonshot or the Manhattan Project to solve it and we have nothing like that even being talked about.


I'm completely ignorant on this: is this where the debate turns to nuclear and everyone starts mumbling?
Cheer up, RL is actually rather good
- Severus, July 2012

#17 RidingPie

RidingPie
  • Coach
  • 1,202 posts

Posted 19 October 2012 - 04:05 PM

I've already mentioned nuclear and everyone ignored it.

#18 JohnM

JohnM
  • Coach
  • 19,696 posts

Posted 19 October 2012 - 04:17 PM

nope. its where I propose to spend £200,000 on a 100Kw wind turbine to produce enough electricity to cover the conversion losses in getting the energy through to my Pan European that has a maximum output of 87kW. Since I tootle around at say 25% of that, or less, say 20Kw, I reckon that a 100Kw wind turbine might suffice. All I need to figure out is how I get the electricity to my fuel tank.

So imagine that works and that say 25% of car owners follow my lead. Based on just one car per owner that means a mere 7.5 million 100kW wind turbines will be erected...but since these will mainly be in the more affluent but less windy home counties, we'd need say four times that number so that is 30 million wind turbines in the SouthEast

Here is a 50kW wind turbine. the tower is 24 m high, and the rotor diameter is 19 m it generates 168,927kWh at 6 metre/sec wind speed

Fancy 30 million of them?


Posted Image

#19 JohnM

JohnM
  • Coach
  • 19,696 posts

Posted 19 October 2012 - 04:20 PM

I've already mentioned nuclear and everyone ignored it.


Tis the way forward. The way A level results are getting better and better, we can safely leave the issue of spent fuel processing in the high-achievers hands as eventually they, or their children or their children's children will eventually be clever enough to develop a solution.

Edited by JohnM, 19 October 2012 - 04:21 PM.


#20 Severus

Severus
  • Coach
  • 12,700 posts

Posted 19 October 2012 - 05:40 PM

Haven't got anything to add to this thread apart from laugh at Steve because he's admitted to owning a Clio. :lol:
Fides invicta triumphat




0 user(s) are reading this topic

0 members, 0 guests, 0 anonymous users