What else do you think it was then?
Lack of ambition and a willingness to 'know its place' rather than break out if its northern working class shackles.
A destructive league structure frequently tinkered with to attempt to address the in built flaws that were causing that destruction
A willingness to embrace, even celebrate the stereotype that it represented giving the media an open goal
Bad leadership from the top. The appalling fallowield was replaced by the much better Oxley, and things improved but a lot of damage had been done and Oxley along with Howes still persisted with beer and fags
The way the sport was structured with clubs acting in their own narrow self interest
Lack of investment in even basically civilised facilities
Them wot tdays